Archive For The “National/Economy” Category

Kyasanur Forest Disease

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KFD is caused by the Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV). The virus was recognized in 1957 while it was remoted from a sick monkey from the Kyasanur Forest. Since then, among 400-500 human beings cases in step with year have been reported. Hard ticks (Hemaphysalis spinigera) are the reservoir of the KFD virus and once infected, stay so for life.Rodents, shrews, and monkeys are not unusual hostsfor KFDV after being bitten by way…

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What are the changes in NIA (Amendment) Bill 2019?

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The Lok Sabha passed the National Investigation Agency(Amendment) Bill, 2019 after a heated debate in the House. While the government assured that the Bill seeks to take tougher action against terrorism, the Opposition, including the Congress, called it an attempt to make India a police state. The NIA was set up in 2009 in the…

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Reforming private sector banks

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Introduction: The recent banking scams have underlined the issues of propriety and governance. What started off as a problem with PSBs has come a full circle with the focus now shifted to private banks (ICICI case). Any kind of financial crisis offers an opportunity for introspection where rules can be reformulated to bring them in sync with…

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Dilution of Atrocities Act: A cause of concern

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Introduction: The Supreme Court, in its recent judgment in Subhash Kashinath Mahajan v. State of Maharashtra, has stirred up a debate which is bound to impact the law and policy on the prohibition of the practice of untouchability and prevention of atrocities against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in India.   As per the…

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Death penalty for rape of girls under 12

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Key pointers: The Union Cabinet has approved promulgation of an Ordinance to provide death penalty for rapists of girls below 12 years. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance provides for stringent punishment of a jail term of minimum 20 years or life imprisonment or death for rape of a girl under 12 years. In the case…

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Nirbhaya Fund

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The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development has approved projects worth Rs 2,919 crore under Nirbhaya Fund for creating eight safe cities. They are Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Lucknow. The projects for safe cities will have a special focus on women safety in public spaces and quick response systems to create…

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Ama Gaon, Ama Vikas

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Odisha Government has launched ‘Ama Gaon, Ama Vikas’ (Our Village, our development) programme to reach out to people in rural areas and involve themselves in developmental activities.As part of it, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik flagged off mobile video vans that will move across the state to highlight various welfare schemes at villages in the state….

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Street Lighting National Programme

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Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) has installed 49 lakh LED street lights in 28 states/UTs under the Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP). This information was given by Minister of State (IC) Power R K Singh in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha. Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) The Programme was launched by…

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Know India Program (KIP)

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40 participants of Indian Origin from 9 countries attended 46th edition of Know India Programme (KIP). Madhya Pradesh was partner state of this edition. As part of the initiative participants visited Madhya Pradesh, Parliament House, President’s House and attended orientation programme at the Foreign Service Institute Know India Programmes (KIP) KIP is initiative (scheme) of…

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HRD Ministry allocates Rs.1000 crore for research in S&T under IMPRINT-II

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The Ministry of Human Resource Development has sanctioned Rs. 1000 crore for phase II of Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India programme to boost research and innovation in the country. Under the IMPRINT-II, a fund is being created by Department of Science and Technology (DST) and HRD Ministry together, in which participants will come…

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Agrarian distress

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India is mainly an agricultural country. Agriculture is the most important occupation for 60% of the population either directly or indirectly. It is the basic foundation of economic development. It is not merely a source of livelihood but a way of life. It is the main source of food, fodder and fuel. This year’s budget…

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Karnataka govt. unveils State flag

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Karnataka government has unveiled the State flag for Karnataka. If approved by the Centre, Karnataka will be the second State to have a flag after Jammu and Kashmir. The proposal will be now sent to the Union Home Ministry for approval since a State has no powers to announce its own flag.   The flag: The red-white-yellow…

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Pro-agriculture Budget-2018

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Background: This year’s budget is being termed pro-agriculture (increased outlays to the agricultural sector and initiation of various programmes). But, closer scrutiny of the three major measures announced shows it may be less effective to tackle the agrarian distress. There are some real challenges confronting them. 1st Measure: Raising the minimum support price (MSP) by at…

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Gender gap as biggest challenge to our demography

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Introduction: India’s demographic dividend, being a nation of young people, puts us at a great economic advantage over other ageing countries. There exist challenges in reaping the benefits of this dividend. India’s woeful gender gap in the workplace makes us much poorer as a nation, economically and socially. Gender gap: About 48.5 per cent of…

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SC allows Passive Euthanasia

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Key pointers: In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court recently passed an order allowing passive euthanasia in the country. The apex court, recognising “living will” made by terminally-ill patients who are likely to go into a permanent vegetative state, laid down guidelines for the same. The guidelines include who would execute the will and how…

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Bullet Trains – Does India really need them?

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Bullet Trains in India: In September 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe laid the foundation stone of the ambitious bullet train project – connecting Mumbai with Ahmadabad. There are arguments for and against adopting bullet trains in India. Does India really need bullet trains? Let’s see. What are Bullet Trains? The Shinkansen…

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Pure white light from Zinc [Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 February 2018]

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Now, pure white light can be produced using zinc, which is usually used to protect iron from rusting and in making brass. The most commonly used method of producing white light is by mixing three primary colour–emitting phosphors in a proportionate composition. The existing methods of white-light production are energy-intensive and involve a long process….

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Reasons for same-sex behavior in Pigeons [Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 February 2018]

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It’s all about making the best of a bad job: if there is a paucity of males, female rock pigeons can form long-lasting, same-sex relationships to bring up their chicks, find scientists. Such female pairs fare no differently than female–male pairs, and better than single females, in bringing up their brood. Numerous records of same-sex…

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Immigration in Biology [Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 February 2018]

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Potential Biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease [Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 February 2018]

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Researchers at Bengaluru’s Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have identified a potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease. The biomarker shows up very early in the disease process and well before clinical and even pathological manifestation of the disease. They also found that it is possible to reverse the disease process if identified early. Loss of dendritic…

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UIDAI on Aadhaar benefits [Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 February 2018]

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Aadhaar-issuing authority UIDAI said that no essential service or benefit can be denied for want of the biometric national ID. In a statement, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) asked Government Departments and State administrations “to ensure that no essential service or benefit shall be denied to a genuine beneficiary for the want of…

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