Archive For The “Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2018” Category

Windows 8 in India (Win 7 v/s Win 8)

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Microsoft unveils Windows 8 in India Microsoft launched the latest version of its Operating System (OS) Windows 8 in India. Windows 8 is designed to work across PCs, tablets as well as for smart phones. Some KEY Differences b/w WINDOWS 7 and WINDOWS 8 (Features that make WINDOWS 8 better than WINDOWS 7): 1. Metro…

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National Policy on Electronics 2012

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‘National Policy on Electronics’ (NPE) cleared by the Government The Union Cabinet cleared the National Policy on Electronics 2012. Objective: By 2020, make the Indian domestic electronic hardware manufacturing segment into a $ 400 billion industry. Government will create an ecosystem for a globally competitive ESDM (Electronic System and Design and Manufacturing) sector in India…

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Next-gen sequencing approach to identify diseases from bone samples

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A new technology that uses a next-gen sequencing approach, including hybridization capture technology, to analyze gene sequences within seconds to identify diseases accurately. Scientists used the technique to identify tuberculosis (TB) genes in a 19th century female skeleton found in a crypt in Leeds. How this technology will help? It will help in understanding how…

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Iran can consider a 20% cap on uranium enrichment

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Iran is ready to negotiate over the issue of its uranium enrichment programme. It has offered that it can put a 20% on uranium enrichment if it is assured a regular supply of nuclear fuel for its medical reactor that manufactures isotopes to treat cancer. What is uranium enrichment? Naturally occurring Uranium is composed of…

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Human DNA Profiling Bill soon

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The Human DNA Profiling Bill, to create a DNA data centre to profile people accused of serious crimes and unknown deceased is on the anvil.  Proposal was considered in 2007, but then dropped down due to factor in ethical, moral and legal issues on the sensitive issues. The Bill is drafted by the Department of…

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‘ Valles Marineris ‘: Largest canyon in solar system

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Mars’ Valles Marineris is the largest canyon in our solar system. It is over 4000 km long and 200 km wide, and with a depth of 10 km. This size makes it some ten times longer and five times deeper than Earth’s Grand Canyon.  Where exactly Valles Marineris located? Valles Marineris is located along the…

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Alternatives to Endosulfan available

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The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) Review Committee to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants approved the assessment of 100 chemical alternatives to insecticide and acaricide Endosulfan.  The committee also suggested its non-chemical alternatives. Which of the approved alternatives are used in India? Among the approved alternatives which are used in India, some are:- Malathion…

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India opposes balkanization of Internet

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In recent development, India has distanced itself from any model that promulgates governments control over internet. What is the background of the issue? The issue is regarding the control of the internet related tasks and its governance. Initially, till 1998, other organization on behalf of U.S. government used to oversee internet related tasks. Later, a…

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PH1: Newly discovered planet

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A new planet which is called PH1 has been discovered by researchers. Six times larger than the Earth Located at 5,000 light years distance from the Earth Present in the constellation of Cygnus Its sky is illuminated by 4 stars It is the seventh planet to be found orbiting binary stars, and the first to…

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Chips made of Carbon Nanotubes to replace silicon chips soon

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Researchers have developed a new technique to mass produce much tinier and faster carbon nanotubes that can replace silicon chips in computers. It could be possible to replace silicon with carbon nanotubes in manufacturing computer chips. It use would make the size of the computing components much smaller. What are carbon nanotubes? What are the…

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New Disease detection technique with naked eyes

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Scientists have developed a new ultra-sensitive sensor test which is also 10 times cheaper to detect the early stages of several cancers and viruses, including HIV, with the naked eye. What is the technique? The new visual sensor technology detects biomarkers which are produced in the body when it is infected with certain disease.  The…

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New strains of HIV-1 rapidly evolving in India

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Scientists at the HIV-AIDS laboratory in Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) have found that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I (HIV-1) has been undergoing a process of evolution in India over the past decade and possibly in other parts of the world. The study — with 165 samples — conducted from 2010…

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Researchers identify new molecules which can malarial parasites rapidly

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Researchers have discovered two new chemical compounds that can speedily kill the Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Around 3 million deaths are caused by Malaria every year, and it is dominant in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. How this finding can help? Although anti-malarial drugs are already available but there is need…

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For ‘M-Pesa’ Vodafone partners with ICICI Bank

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Vodafone India has launched its mobile money transfer and payment service ‘M-Pesa’ in India. The telecom giant has inked a partnership with ICICI Bank to extend this service in India. Vodafone will be offering its customers a mobile money account with ICICI Bank and a mobile wallet issued by MCSL (Mobile Commerce Solutions Ltd), via…

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8 % of male infertility due to genetic deletions in Y chromosome

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A recent study found that two spontaneously recurring deletions along a complex region of the Y chromosome are responsible for around 8 % of cases of failed sperm production. Although research was already available which established the relation b/w AZFc (Azoospermia Factor c) and Severe Spermatogenic Failure (SSF), the current research determines the prevalence of…

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The system for transport of Canadian Uranium to India finalized b/w Indian and Canada

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India and Canada developed a mechanism for transport of the Canadian Uranium to India. Thus, India succeeded in clearing the mistrust generated on the Canadian side after the nuclear explosion from India in 1974. Both the sides were successful inking the agreement on the mechanism of shipment of the Canadian Uranium to India for the…

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SARAL to boost remote sensing ability of India

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SARAL (Satellite with ARgos and ALtiKa) With the launch of SARAL satellite carrying AltiKa and an Argos-3 instrument2 is scheduled to be launched on December 2012 and with this the remote sensing ability of the country will get a boost up. The SARAL Mission: The SARAL-Altika mission is a combined effort of ISRO and the…

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“1000 Genomes Project”: Global genomes decoded to trace disease roots

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 What is the “1000 Genomes Project”? Scientists working for The 1,000 Genomes Project have decoded the genomes of more than 1,000 people from 14 ethnic global groups. It is the largest and most detailed compilation of human DNA variations, to track origin of rare and common diseases. Launched in January 2008 An international research effort…

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Free generic drugs via public hospitals; Three fold increase in the allocation to health sector in the 12th Plan

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The allotment for the health sector during the 12th Plan had been enhanced three times over the previous Plan allocation to handle complex challenges. The outlay in the 12th Plan had been fixed at Rs. 3-lakh crore, which was 1.95 % of the GDP. During the last Plan period, the sector had got Rs. 89,265…

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Unique SMS service from NASA to help spot ISS

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To celebrate 12th anniversary of crews living and working aboard International Space Station (ISS) NASA launched a new SMS service that will help people on earth to spot International Space Station (ISS) without a telescope.  “Spot the Station” service will send you a text message or an email as the ISS passes over your house,…

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“Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill”: To regulate infertility clinics

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Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill which is aimed at regulating the functioning infertility clinics in the country is awaiting approval of the Union Cabinet and Parliament. The Bill seeks to allow surrogate parenthood, which was not yet permitted in many Western countries. Around 15 % of the couples in the world were childless and the problem…

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